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European single standardisation is a key instrument for harmonising the European market.

Regarding swimming pool equipment standards, it should be noted that European standardisation organisations adopt harmonised standards published in English (CEN and CENELEC, the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation responsible for European electrical standards, which bring together the national standardisation bodies of 34 European countries; also publish their standards in French and German) and national standardisation institutes translate the titles of harmonised standards into all other official languages of the European Union into which they are required to be translated.

Information on the existence of standards can be obtained either from the European standardisation organisations or from the national standardisation bodies the list of which is annexed to Directive 98/34/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, as amended by Directive 98/48/EC.

The Bulgarian Institute for Standardisation is a member of the European Committee for Standardisation and the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation.

The standards are not binding but many Member States have replaced their national standards or adopted new ones from the EU. There are also standards for energy efficiency, they are used for ecodesign for energy-related products, etc. Under certain funding procedures, such as the European funds, the requirements of the European standards may be binding.

The Bulgarian Institute for Standardisation provides a complete set of basic standards for the construction and management of swimming pools. Pool equipment is regulated by standards with basic applicability criteria:

  • Public swimming pools:

–    EN 15288-1 Safety requirements for design;

–    EN 15288-2 Safety requirements for operation;

–    EN 13451- from 1 to 11: which include swimming pool equipment, general safety requirements and test methods for equipment installed in pools for public use, including ladders, handrails, diving platforms, diving springboards, associated equipment, etc.


  • Home swimming pools:

–    EN 17645: Environmental performance efficiency. Performance evaluation, methodology, and classification of the use of outdoor pools and their equipment;

–    EN 16582: General requirements including safety and test methods;

–    IEC 60364: Low-voltage electrical installations.


There are numerous standards concerning the safety of swimming pools and the physico-chemical properties of the water, the requirements for hygienic maintenance and control, the quality of the preparations used for disinfection and treatment of the pool water.

The following are applicable as mandatory regulations and norms in Bulgaria:


  • Regulation on proper and safe technical operation and maintenance of elements for incorporation, filtration and pumps for swimming pools which entered into force on 12.7.2019. The Regulation is issued pursuant to Article 164 of the Tourism Act and the supervisory authority is the State Agency for Metrological and Technical Surveillance. According to the Agency:

–    177 inspections were carried out across the country between 29.10.2019 and 1.11.2019;

–    1842 inspections were carried out across the country between 12.7.2019 and 12.7.2021.

  • Regulation 34 on the hygiene of sports facilities and equipment. The supervisory authority under the Regulation is the Regional Health Inspectorate/Hygiene and Epidemiological Inspectorate and each public swimming pool is subject to monthly inspection.


  • Energy Efficiency Act which transposes Directive 2009/125/EC, as amended by Directive 2012/27/EU, and Regulation (EC) No 640/2009 repealed by Regulation (EU) 2019/1781, as amended by Regulation (EU) 2021/341.

Measures to increase energy efficiency as well as energy labelling in the European Union are mandatory requirements in the form of regulations which are applied in Member States without further national promulgation.

All standards and norms are aimed at increasing the safety of people and the quality of the service offered and improving the energy efficiency and cost-effectiveness of managing and maintaining swimming pools.



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